II-VI Blue and UV Laser Diodes

BULD - 9100

Work Area: Ultimate Miniaturisation, Advanced Issues in Device Performance

Keywords I-VI Semiconductors, Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Visible Diode Lasers, Ultraviolet Diode Lasers

Start Date: to be announced / Status: starting

[ participants / contact ]

Abstract This Working Group links the molecular beam epitaxy laboratories of the partners for the development of visible II-VI semiconductor diode lasers. The aim of the Working Group is to coordinate advances in materials and device development leading to practical CW blue diode lasers. The objective is to share existing techniques and experience, which includes the first demonstration in Europe of a blue diode laser, and take advantage of complementary expertise and facilities to achieve visible and UV lasers for new developments in video recording and displays.


The aim of the Working Group is to develop practical II-VI semiconductor visible and UV lasers for advances in information technology. The programme links together three laboratories (Heriot-Watt University, Würzburg University and the CNRS LPSES) which have molecular beam epitaxial growth, assessment, spectroscopy and fabrication expertise with three specific goals:

The approaches involve increasing the p-doping levels in ZnSe based materials, improving the contacting to these p-layers, comparing lattice matched and strained laser structures, fabricating ridge wave guide structures, developing the growth and doping of CdZnSSe and MgZnSSe quaternary systems, using substrates other than GaAs as well as understanding the details of the lasing mechanism in II-VI devices where excitonic recombination dominates.


The Working Group's expertise ranges from fundamental studies of semiconductor materials, including growth and spectroscopy, to device fabrication technology and laser diode assessment. Each member of the Group has access to a wide range of research facilities either within their department or through well established collaborations with university and industrial laboratories. The regular exchange of staff between the members of the Working Group will provide the close contact necessary for the continuity of the programme and an annual workshop will allow the progress of each group to be formally reported. Representatives from other European research groups working in the area will be invited to discuss special topics and the Working Group will organise an International Workshop on blue laser diodes.


The research towards blue and UV diode lasers will be addressed in the longer term (5 years) as the development of improved materials, contacts and structures takes the devices from the basic research stage to a prototype product development stage. The ability to fabricate II-VI semiconductor lasers has been demonstrated but considerable technological advances will be necessary before practical devices are available. We see this Basic Research Working Group as leading to a Project that would involve major IT companies.


Heriot-Watt University - UK
Dept of Physics


Julius Maximilians Universität - D
CNRS Sophia Antipolis - F


Prof. B.C. Cavenett
tel +44/31 451 3083
fax +44/31 451 3088

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BULD - 9100, August 1994

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html version of synopsis by Nick Cook