Copyright in Transmitted Electronic Documents


CITED - 5469

Keywords copyright protection


Start Date: 03-DEC-90 / Duration: 24 months

[ contact / participants ]


Objectives and Approach

The CITED project is based on the needs of the information industry to safeguard copyright material stored and transmitted in digital form, and thus overcome the reluctance of copyright holders to commit their works to a form which is capable of rapid and accurate copying and thus highly susceptible of piracy.

CITED is concerned with the expansion of the committed information to digital storage, which is currently severely restricted by fears on the part of the copyright owners that they will loose effective control over their intellectual property. This fear severely curtails the commercial exploitation of copyrighted informations.

CITED aims to cover the needs of both users and information providers across the areas of software, data/databases, information bases, electronic publishing, video/TV, and audio recording. The CITED solutions aim to be carried out across national boundaries, and to be applicable for all national legislations.

Progress and Results

An in-depth user survey has been carried out in consultation with the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and most of the relevant standardisation bodies, with particular reference to the problems introduced by digital technology. This survey has been supplemented by a detailed comparative study of the current and developing legal position on a country/topic basis. The survey has demonstrated that copyright protection is still a critical issue for the electronic information industry, that no successful solutions are existing, and that a lot of experiments have failed or are nor replicable, and that standards, where they exist, take the form of de facto industry agreements.

Based on a user functional requirements survey, CITED built a generic model applicable to the different business domains. The CITED model considers that copyright protection has to integrate the information actor chain as a whole, to protect primary as well as the secondary (ie catalogue) information, to secure mass production processes (info masters), to be as transparent as possible with the existing processes, to be applicable in any EU country in conformity with national copyright legislation, and to be sufficiently flexible regarding the business strategies of the information makers and users.

The CITED model is defining distributed components that will be transparently located at the user level, at the information system level and wherever there is a relationship among the users, the distribution system and the information system. The CITED model provides countermeasures to various piracy acts (which could be either accidental or deliberate).

With the objective to easily implement the model over various current technologies and processes, a guideline report will be issued which will be completed by a great number of implementation cases.

The model will be implemented and tested for two demonstrators, which will embody the distributed components in specified environments within the information industry. From the demonstrators, the partners will develop hardware and software products providing copyright features over their existing solution offers.

Implementation has been carried out for computer-based systems (CD-ROM, online base, etc) and five software tools for PCs have been realised. The first one is the Event Capture Tool (ECT) which handle all the user and hardware events. The Use Right Collector (URC) collects and manages the use right data base and link the data with their associated rights. The Clearance Service Agent (CSA) clear the incoming events with the use right base. Finally the Notarisator create the audit trail file to log all the cleared events and threads. These software tools are transferable to other projects.

The first demonstrator is based on an online system for supplying downloaded document images from a digital store (ADONIS), and is designed to demonstrate in practical form the control of a user's ability to utilise these images. The demonstrator shows how is performed capture and tracking of the various events on the protected system. The second demonstrator is being developed in the field of digital audio recording (DAT) to study the very different technical and commercial situation where information is transmitted on a physical carrier to a large general public of an entertainment market, who are all anonymous as far as the copyright holder is concerned. A CITED-protected CD-ROM for art works will be published very soon, it stores high quality and high resolution full coloured still pictures. More than controlling copying of information, these CITED systems are incorporating means to provide legitimaly requested information to the copyright holders and other financially interested parties.

The CITED project has as its main goal the demonstration of viable technical means to provide control, policing and remuneration, in respect of the use of copyrighted material stored and transmitted in digital form. CITED will deliver software tools to be included into existing application in order to monitor in a proper way copyright and other associated rights in a full independence with the national regulations and commercial practices.

In order to validate the model, to widen its scope, to encourage new implementations and to promote the project's results, a special interest group (SIG) will be set up. The CITED SIG should permit a direct dialogue with the political partners and the standardisation bodies.


CONTACT POINT

Mr Jean-Francois Boisson
EURITIS
Promopole, 12 Avenue des Prés
F - 78180 Montigny le Bretonneux
tel: + 33/ 1-30 12 00 71
fax: + 33/ 1-30 60 04 61

Participants

EURITIS - F - C
ACK/BBR ACTION - E - P
ADONIS - NL - A
BRITISH LIBRARY - UK - P
BULL - F - P
BUREAU VAN DIJK - B - P
CHARLES CLARK - UK - A
CIRU - UK - P
ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHING - NL - P
OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS - UK - A
SAGEM - F - A
TELES - D - A
TELESYSTEMES - F - A


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CITED - 5469, December 1993


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html version of synopsis by Nick Cook