IT Support for Emergency Management


ISEM - 2322

Keywords management of emergencies, decision-support systems, decision-support system architectures, decision-support system development tools, application generator


Start Date: 01-JAN-89 / Duration: 46 months

[ contact / participants ]


Objectives and Approach

The ISEM project was an ESPRIT project started in 1989 and lasting for four years. The ISEM consortium involved participants from seven European countries enabling the project to draw on knowledge of and experience with a wide spectrum of European emergency management practices. The aim of the project was to develop an integrated information system capable of supporting complex, dynamic, distributed decision making in the management of emergencies.

Progress and Results

The ISEM system has been designed based on recent developments in computer technology that have provided possibilities for fast and secure access to information stored in databases, either in the form of long term data (background knowledge) or in the form of short term data updated manually when needed or even better- updated automatically from various forms of monitoring equipment installed in hazardous areas and their environments. Likewise, a computerised system offers the advantage of fast communications between various actors in a complex organisation via a dedicated e-mail system supporting information exchange designed to ensure that misunderstandings - which are in fact a very frequent cause of less than optimal response to emergency situations - may be kept at a minimum. The combined effect of fast and reliable access to all the information needed to cope with a given situation and the provision of effective means of communication between agents involved in managing the emergency at hand offer a perfect platform for building a decision support system that in principle may be a generic one. However, in order to evaluate a generic system it has to be implemented for a specific application, and the ISEM system - although specified and designed in a generic form - has been implemented and installed in two prototypes, based on data related to emergency situations in the nuclear and the chemical domain, respectively.

The end-results of ISEM therefore consist of the know-how obtained through the analysis and specification of end-user requirements, the know-how gained through the implementation, installation and test of the demonstration prototypes, and the ISEM toolbox offering the tools needed for creating a full-scale emergency management system based on specific customer requirements.

Since each potential customer of the ISEM system will have specific requirements, no complete off-the-shelf system has been developed, except for the two demonstrators referred to above; and the latter have been developed only for the final evaluation of the ISEM end-results.

Exploitation

Results from ISEM, especially those related to training and communication aspects dedicated to emergency situations, will be enhanced and continued in the EUREKA project MEMbrain. Moreover, as a spin-off of ISEM, the training aspect is being dealt with in the ENVIRONMENT project MUSTER. Furthermore, two lines have been followed in the emergency business - likewise as a spin-off of ISEM:


CONTACT POINT

Dr Verner Andersen
RISØ NATIONAL LABORATORY
PO Box 49
DK - 400 ROSKILDE
tel: + 45/ 42 371212
fax: + 45/ 42 373993
telex: 43116

Participants

RISØ NATIONAL LABORATORY - DK - C
TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE
OF FINLAND - SF - P
DANSK INTERNATIONALT
MILJOCENTER A/S - DK - P
TECNATOM SA - E - P
TECNICAS REUNIDAS SA - E - P
ENEA - I - A
JYDSK TELEFON (JTAS) - DK - A
UITESA - E - A
STUDSVIK NUCLEAR - S - A
IGC SA - E - A
MODULEX SOFTWARE - DK - A
IFAD - DK - A


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ISEM - 2322, December 1993


please address enquiries to the ESPRIT Information Desk

html version of synopsis by Nick Cook